The Jaguar S-Type was a model of an executive car that
debuted at the 1998 Birmingham Motor Show and was marketed by Jaguar for model
years 1999-2008, reviving the nameplate of the company's 1963-66 S-Type as a
four-door notchback saloon. The S-Type received a mild facelift for model year
The first S-Types ("X200" 1999–2002) are distinguished by a U-shaped centre console and optional touch-screen navigation system in the 2003 and later models. The traditional leaping jaguar hood ornament was optional even though it is approved by the US and EU standards and breaks away in the case of an accident. Subsequent models ("X202", "X204", "X206"; the last digit denoting the model year) have the Jaguar logo incorporated within the radiator grille and a more traditional 'looped' styling for the centre console.
The supercharged S-Type R (Jaguar STR for short) joined the
lineup in 2002, and the hope was that it would compete with BMW's M5 and the
Mercedes E55 AMG. The R was powered by the newly revised 4.2-Litre V8 with an
Eaton M112 supercharger, producing 400 hp (300 kW; 410 PS) and could accelerate
from 0 to 60 mph (97 km/h) in 5.3 seconds (0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 5.6 s). It
included 18-inch (457-millimeter) alloy wheels, wire-mesh grille, and monochromatic
paint. The R also has a rear apron, side-skirts, and front apron with built-in
fog-lamps, a rear spoiler, a brace located near the rear subframe, and R
badging on the boot lid and both front fenders (wings).
Later models of the S-Type R featured a revised pulley system for the Eaton M112 supercharger, allowing it to produce an extra 20 hp (15 kW; 20 PS).
Also added on the 2003 model was an electronic parking-brake paddle-switch that replaced the conventional manually operated lever for the rear brakes. For the 2003 model year, the Jaguar S-type was given a six-speed, automatic ZF 6HP26 transmission as well as a revised 3.0-litre V6 engine with 235 hp (175 kW) (US spec) versus 210 hp (160 kW) for the 1999 to 2002 models. The 2003 model featured a revised dash, centre console, and a grille with the Jaguar badge to give the vehicle a more Jaguar-like appearance, and a flip-open key was devised for the ignition.
A minor facelift on the 2005 model year featured redesigned front and rear aprons, a slightly modified grille, remodeled rear light clusters, an aluminium bonnet, and a new 2.7-litre V6 diesel engine with 207 hp (154 kW). The windscreen washer jets were incorporated into the windscreen wiper arms. There were no changes made to the cabin interior. 2006 to 2008 models featured no fog lights.